by Jonathan Lovell

Authors note: An earlier version of this essay, without illustrations, appeared in the April 2016 issue of California English devoted to the topic “Close Reading: What It Is and What It Is Not.” In addition to its interpretation of Shelley’s “Ozymandias,” this essay is intended to serve as a model for writing in response to literature, seeing this writing as a journey of exploration and discovery.

slide023 (1)Ozymandias: the poem we teach and the poem Shelley wrote